Introduction


The Bernese GNSS Software, Version 5.2, continues in the tradition of its predecessors as a high performance, high accuracy, and highly flexible reference GPS/GLONASS (GNSS) post-processing package. Some of the key characteristics of the Bernese GNSS Software are:

  • State-of-the-art modeling
  • Detailed control over all relevant processing options
  • Powerful tools for automatization (Bernese Processing Engine, BPE)
  • Adherence to up-to-date, internationally adopted standards
  • Great flexibility stemming from a highly modular design


Features and Highlights

  • Available on Unix/Linux, Mac and Windows platforms
  • User-friendly GUI with a built-in HTML-based help system
  • Multi-session parallel processing for reprocessing activities
  • Ready-to-use BPE examples for different applications:
    • PPP (basic and advanced versions)
    • RINEX-to-SINEX (double-difference network processing)
    • Clock determination (zero-difference network processing)
    • LEO precise orbit determination based on GPS-data
    • SLR validation of GNSS or LEO orbits
    All examples are designed for combined GPS/GLONASS processing.
    Some of them are prepared for an hourly processing scheme.
  • Program for automated coordinate time series analysis (FODITS)
  • Ambiguity resolution for GPS and GLONASS
  • Flexible parameter handling on normal equation level
  • Modern troposphere models (e.g., VMF1, GMF/GPT)
  • Ionosphere modelling including higher order ionosphere corrections
  • IGS and IERS 2010 conventions compliance
  • Combination of different receiver and antenna types
  • Galileo processing capability


Typical applications

  • Rapid processing of small-size single and dual frequency surveys
  • Automatic processing of permanent networks
  • Any type of post-processing from near-real time to reprocessing years of GNSS data
  • Processing of data from a large number of receivers
  • Combined processing of GPS and GLONASS observations
  • Analysis of real kinematic receivers (even on airplanes)
  • Ionosphere and troposphere monitoring
  • Clock estimation and time transfer
  • Orbit determination for GNSS and Low Earth orbiting satellites together with related parameters (e.g., Earth orientation parameters)
  • SLR orbit validation


Typical users

  • Scientists for research and education
  • Survey agencies responsible for high-accuracy GNSS surveys (e.g., first order networks)
  • Agencies responsible to maintain arrays of permanent GNSS receivers
  • Commercial users with complex applications demanding high accuracy, reliability, and high productivity